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9th Circuit affirms arbitration in putative class action against CRA


On October 21, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit affirmed arbitration in a FCRA action against a national credit reporting agency (CRA), concluding that the consumer “expressly agreed” to the 2014 terms of use, which included an enforceable arbitration provision. According to the opinion, a consumer purchased a credit score program from the CRA in June 2014 and assented to the terms and conditions, including an arbitration provision and change-of-terms provision, which stated that each time the consumer accessed the website, “she would be manifesting assent to ‘the then current’ terms of the agreement.” The consumer canceled her credit score subscription in July 2014. The consumer accessed the CRA website against in 2018 and at the time of access, the arbitration provision included a carve out for certain disputes relating to the FCRA. The consumer subsequently filed a putative class action against the CRA, alleging, among other things, a violation of the FCRA’s requirement to assist the consumer in understanding the credit scoring assessment. The district court granted the CRA’s motion to compel arbitration.


On appeal, the 9th Circuit concluded that the consumer was not bound to the new arbitration terms based on her 2018 visit to the website. The appellate court noted that the consumer did not allege she received notice of the new terms in effect, and therefore, she was bound to the 2014 terms to which she had previously assented. Moreover, the appellate court rejected the consumer’s argument that the arbitration agreement was unenforceable under the California Supreme Court decision in McGill v. Citibank, N.A (covered by a Buckley Special Alert here, holding that a waiver of the plaintiff’s substantive right to seek public injunctive relief is not enforceable). The appellate court held that the 2014 arbitration provision did not “flatly prohibit a plaintiff seeking public injunctive relief in court,” because it subjects disputes to arbitration “to the fullest extent of the law,” which presumably would “exclude claims for public injunctive relief in California.” Thus, the appellate court affirmed arbitration. ###


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